Trade routes were basically long routes where commercial goods were transported. These routes can be through both land and sea. Trade routes have always been used for hundreds of years. From the early days people have been using these routes. As times passed many of these routes change and improve. Some routes such as the Amber road and the Spice roads were very popular during its period.
Today we have modern trade routes. These routes allow us to transport many commercial goods faster than ever before. Further, today’s technology allows us to be more productive and efficient, thereby making the trade route safe and fast. In the modern world, most of the heavy items are taken through containers. Many companies buy shipping containers to take many things. These can carry a lot of weight. This was much different than when the first trade routes were available.
Societies from the 2nd millennium BCE such as China, India and Mediterranean had extensive transportation networks to carry out trade. Trade was only carried out for expensive goods at the time. This was because it was very expensive to travel large distance. Animals were used to carry these goods, and the cost of feeding the animals and travelling for days was too large to bear. As newer technology was introduced, trade increased as well.
The 3rd and 4th millennium BCE, maritime trade had begun. Spices were exported from East Africa and Arabia to Egypt though the Red Sea. Similarly, maritime trade started growing in South Asia through the Bay of Bengal. Due to the largeness of the Roman empire bulk commodity trade over sea was much cheaper than travelling by land. It still cost much more than today where there are buy shipping container in Sydney that can carry a lot of weight.
As time went on trade started taking center stage in many economies. Further, the creation of the Silk Road joint both the Eastern and Western world together. This was vital for growth as technology, ideas and goods were exchanged and shared. This helped in creating many systems and benefitted overall growth of many nations. Both East and West were influenced by each other. The East was able to implement the Western culture while the West was able to implement the Eastern culture. Further, the famous traveler and explorer, Marco Polo travelled through this route meeting new people and experiencing cultures.
Modern trade routes are much more effective than routes that existed many years ago. These routes allow us to share goods and even services immediately. Things move very fast. Within a matter of a few days we are able to exchange technology and a matter of hours exchange ideas.